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Chinese Money Plant is also known as lefse plant, missionary plant, and UFO plant, Pilea peperomioides is frequently just called “pilea” for short. It is native to the Yunnan Province of China.
Pilea plant care is relatively minimal. The plants are hardy down to USDA zone 10, which means most gardeners will be growing a Chinese money plant in pots indoors. They like lots of bright, indirect light but do poorly in direct sun (scorches leaves). They should be placed near a sunny window, but just out of reach of the sun’s rays. Light shade may encourage larger leaves. They also like sandy, well-draining soil and should be allowed to dry out between waterings. They need very little feeding, but will do well with occasional additions of standard houseplant fertilizer.
To keep your Chinese money plant nicely shaped, rotate it at least once a week to prevent it from getting lopsided. The large leaves tend to accumulate dust, so these plants benefit from regular showers, or at least wiping down of their leaves. Treat monthly with an all-purpose plant fertilizer during the spring and summer growing seasons. You may also want to put your plant outdoors as temperatures warm, but, again, take care to keep it out of direct sunlight.
How to Propagate
Part of the reason that this plant has spread so far without being widely sold commercially is that it is fairly easy to propagate. A happy plant will eventually send plantlets up through the soil, which you can separate from the mother plant. Follow the stem about an inch under the soil, and use a clean, sharp knife to cut the baby plant free. Plant in a new pot and keep the soil moist until the plant is well-anchored and begins to produce new leaves. New plantlets also grow straight from the stem, and you can cut these free along with a tiny piece of stem flesh (be sure to use sterile knife), place in water until roots develop in a week or two, and then follow the same directions as above. Learn to do it yourself, then spread the wealth!
Dieffenbachia will let you know when they are not growing properly. New leaves will fall off when the plant is too cold. The small leaf tips will turn brown from inconsistent watering. This plant is a natural air purifier. A very easy grower. BE AWARE that this plant does have chemicals inside the plant that can be spilled out when plant is broken or cut. Please use gloves and even protective eye gear when handling, especially when propagating or transplanting.
How to Propagate (PARENTAL SUPERVISION REQUIRED)
These plants propagate best with cuttings, so simply with a clean blade (since there are hazardous chemicals inside dieffenbachia plants remember to either discard this blade after use or sterilize it thoroughly) slice a stem off and place in water or in a soil medium. After time roots will grow, if in water remember to clean the roots of any algae before planting.
Pepperface is the perfect office plant! it is drought tolerant, so if you forget to water it or go on vacation, it will survive. They also grow quite well under fluorescent light.
How to Propagate
You can propagate pepperface plants with cuttings just like succulents. Tear off leaves (or use a sterile knife, be sure to have supervision of needed) and a small piece of stem flesh with it (this is where a lot of the plant DNA exists and will help it root better). Either leave the base of the leaf in water or plant leaf base in a soil medium and it will grow roots. Be sure to clean off any algae from roots if left in water before planting!
Spider Plants are ideal as hanging baskets or in a terrariums. Thrive with minimal effort. Compliment with Ferns, Dragon Tree, and Zamioculcas. This plant is a natural air purifier. They will thrive in a basic potting soil as long as there are drainage holes in their pot.
How to Propagate
SO easy. Much like strawberries, spider plants will send out runners from their base, which are easily identifiable as they are much stronger and more tubular than the leaves. From this runner a new root ball and plant will grow. Grab the hanging runner and place the baby plant inside the mother plant's soil to allow the roots to grow, then once the plant has considerably grown in the original pot, you can cut it from the mother plant (just regular scissors are ok, make sure they're sterile though) and transplant in a new pot. These plants grow like weeds so you can supply all your friends with baby spider plants!
Dragon Trees are phenomenal growers in the right conditions. After a few years of patience this tree can reach 4 or 5 feet tall. It is also a natural air purifier.